Cuvier, Georges

(1769-1832) (Baron Cuvier)
   zoologist and paleontologist
   Born in Montbéliard, Georges, baron Cuvier, who is considered the founder of comparative anatomy, served as an instructor in France. Invited to Paris in 1795 to work at the newly reorganized Museum of Natural History, he was soon appointed professor of zoology. Cuvier formulated two anatomic principles: that of the subordination of organs, and that of the correlation of forms. He also attempted to establish a zoological classification (Vertebrata, Articulata, Radiata, and Mollusca). Regarding fossils, he proved the existence of extinct species, thereby laying the foundations for the study of paleontology. His work served too as the basis for the transformist theory of existence, while at the same time he was a supporter of the theory of catastrophism and other ideas of his associates Etienne geoffrey saint-hilaire and jean-baptiste lamarck, with whose theories he later broke. In contrast to their evolutionary ideas, Cuvier argued that species are immutable. Cuvier's system of classification dominated natural history until the publication of Darwin's On the Origin of the Species in 1859. Among Cuvier's principal works are Leçons d'anatomie comparée (1800-1805); Recherches sur les ossements fossiles (1812-13); La Règne animal distribué selon son organisation (1816-17); Description géologique des environs de Paris(1822); Discours sur les révolutions de la surface de la globe (1825); and Histoire naturelle de poissons (1828). Cuvier was named to the Academy of Sciences in 1795 and to the academie française in 1818.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • CUVIER, GEORGES —    a celebrated naturalist, born at Montebéliard, of Huguenot ancestry; the creator of comparative anatomy and palæontology; was educated at Stuttgart, where he studied natural science; but the observation of marine animals on the coast of… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Cuvier, Georges, Baron — ▪ French zoologist in full  Georgesléopold chrêtien frédéric dagobert, Baron Cuvier  born August 23, 1769, Montbéliard, France died May 13, 1832, Paris  French zoologist (zoology) and statesman, who established the sciences of comparative anatomy …   Universalium

  • Cuvier, Georges (-Léopold-Chrétien-Frédéric-Dagobert), Baron — born Aug. 23, 1769, Montbéliard, France died May 13, 1832, Paris French zoologist and statesman who established the sciences of comparative anatomy and paleontology. As a staff member at the Museum of Natural History in Paris, he published Le… …   Universalium

  • Cuvier, Georges (-Léopold-Chrétien-Frédéric-Dagobert), barón — (23 ago. 1769, Montbéliard, Francia–13 may. 1832, París). Zoólogo y estadista francés que estableció las ciencias de anatomía comparada y paleontología. Como miembro del Museo de historia natural de París publicó Le Règne animal distribué d après …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Cuvier, Georges Léopold — ► (1769 1832) Naturalista francés. Es considerado el fundador de la anatomía comparada y la paleontología …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Georges Cuvier — Born August 23, 1769(1769 08 …   Wikipedia

  • Georges Cuvier — Nacimiento 23 de agosto de 1769 Montbéliard, Francia Fallecimiento 13 de mayo de …   Wikipedia Español

  • cuvier — [ kyvje ] n. m. • XIIe; de cuve ♦ Anciennt ou région. Cuve pour faire la lessive. ● cuvier nom masculin (de cuve) Cuve en bois qui servait principalement à rincer la vaisselle, à faire la lessive, les vendanges, à dessaler le poisson. Synonyme de …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Cuvier — Cuvier, Georges Léopold …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Georges Cuvier — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Cuvier. Georges Cuvier Jean Léopold Nicolas Frédéric Cuvier Naissance 23 …   Wikipédia en Français

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